Freighting Information


Chart of Responsibility

Concargo remains a neutral road transport service provider who has positioned itself as an Agents’ Agent, and have forged strategic business partnerships and alliances with the clearing and forwarding industry in South Africa. We have no interest in offering services supplied by our customers, but we nevertheless believe in offering the most current and informative information to educate anyone who may be interested in learning more about the greater end-to-end Supply Chain when visiting our comprehensive website.

When negotiating an international freight contract, both parties need to pay as much attention to the terms and conditions or Service Level Agreement as to the contract price. To make it as clear as possible, an international set of trade terms (INCOTERMS) has been adopted by most countries that defines exactly the responsibilities and risks of both the consignor and consignee as well as while the merchandise is in transit.

The following chart summarises the responsibilities of both the consignor and consignee for each of the current 13 INCOTERMS. In addition, a definition for each term is included at the bottom of the page.


EXW FCA FAS FOB CFR CIF CPT CIP DAF DES DEQ DDU DDP
Warehouse Storage Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Warehouse Labor Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Export Packing Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Loading Charges Buyer Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Inland Freight Buyer Buyer /
Seller*
Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Terminal Charges Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Forwarder’s Fees Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Loading On Vessel Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Ocean/Air Freight Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller Seller
Charges On Arrival
At Destination
Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Buyer Buyer Seller Seller Seller
Duty, Taxes & Customs
Clearance
Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller
Delivery To Destination Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Buyer Seller Seller

* There are actually two FCA terms: FCA Consignor’s Premises where the consignor is responsible only for loading the goods and not responsible for inland freight; and FCA Named Place (International Carrier) where the consignor is responsible for inland freight. 


The 13 INCOTERMS

Origin Terms

EXW Ex-Works, named place where shipment is available to the buyer, not loaded. The seller will not contract for any transportation.

International Carriage NOT Paid by the Seller

FCA Free Carrier, unloaded at the seller’s dock OR a named place where shipment is available to the international carrier or agent, not loaded. This term can be used for any mode of transport.
FAS Free Alongside Ship, named ocean port of shipment. Ocean shipments that are NOT containerised.
FOB Free On Board vessel, named ocean port of shipment. This term is used for ocean shipments only where it is important that the goods pass the ship’s rail.

International Carriage Paid by the Seller

CFR Cost and Freight, Named ocean port of destination. This term is used for ocean shipments that are not containerised.
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight, named ocean port of destination. This term is used for ocean shipments that are not containerised.
CPT Carriage Paid To, named place or port of destination. This term is used for air or ocean containerised and roll-on roll-off shipments.
CIP Carriage and Insurance Paid To, named place or port of destination. This term is used for air or ocean containerised and roll-on roll-off shipments.

Arrival At Stated Destination

DAF Delivered At Frontier, named place of destination, by land, not unloaded. This term is used for any mode of transportation but must be delivered by land.
DES Delivered Ex-Ship, named port of destination, not unloaded. This term is used for ocean shipments only.
DEQ Delivered Ex-Quay, named port of destination, unloaded, not cleared. This term is used for ocean shipments only.
DDU Delivered Duty Unpaid, named place of destination, not unloaded, not cleared. This term is used for any mode of transportation.
DDP Delivered Duty Paid, named place of destination, not unloaded, cleared. This term is used for any mode of transportation.

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