General Shipping Definition
|A tanker of such size as to take commercial advantage under worldscale (generally, tankers 80 000 – 119 000 dwt).
|At or towards the stern or rear of a ship.
|Seawater taken into a vessel’s ballast tanks in order to submerge the vessel to maintain proper stability, trim or draft.
|Where the charterer hires a ship without crew and the charterer takes responsibility for the ship maintenance, crewing and insurance as though the vessel was owned (similar to a lease).
|Bill of Lading
|A record of agreement between the Shipper and the Shipping Line regarding the transport of goods from one port to another.
|Baltic and International Maritime Council information and support service located in Copenhagen, Denmark.
|The forward most part of a vessel.
|Dry, loose cargo that is handled individually eg. pallets of drummed chemicals or bales of wool.
|General, multipurpose, cargo ship that carries cargoes of non-uniform sizes, often on pallets, resulting in labor-intensive loading and unloading. Also loosely known as “multi-purpose” vessels.
|Unpacked homogenous cargo transported in large volumes eg. grain or coal.
|Ship designed to carry dry, loose cargoes in bulk. Also known as a “Bulker”.
|A maritime term referring to a ship’s fuel.
|Capesize bulk carrier
|Bulk carrier between 130 000 and 180 000 dwt.
|Hiring out of a ship by a ship-owners.
|Hirer of a ship.
|Contract of agreement to hire a ship.
|A tanker, usually not larger than 40 000 dwt, designed to carry numerous bulk liquid chemical products in specially-coated or stainless-steel cargo tanks.
|An affiliation of ship-owners operating over the same route(s) who agree to charge uniform rates and other terms of carriage.
|Ship designed to carry containerised cargo.
|Deadweight or DWT
|The greatest weight of cargo, stores and all other consumables on the ship that a ship can carry, expressed in metric tonnes.
|The sum which has been fixed in a charter party for delay to a ship.
|The depth of a ship in the water. This distance is measured from the bottom of the ship to the surface of the water..
|FEU (Forty foot Equivalent Unit)
|Refers to container size standard of forty feet. Two twenty-foot containers or TEU’s equal one FEU.
|Flat rack container
|A container with no sides and frame members at the front and rear.
|Toward the bow of the ship.
|Handysize bulk carrier
|Bulk carrier between 22 000 and 38 000 dwt.
|The United Nations International Maritime Organisation
|Ships that move along regular routes at scheduled rates and specific times.
|Off-hire or downtime
|When a ship is temporarily out of operation with a loss of agreed charter hire as a result of dry-docking, breakdown etc.
|Senior members of a ship’s crew, qualified by examination, training and experience who are authorised and responsible in terms of STCW for bridge or engine room watch keeping, or command, of a ship and generally for its safe management.
|The holder of a freight contract with a cargo shipper.
|Panamax bulk carrier
|Bulk carrier between 60 000 and 75 000 dwt with a beam not exceeding the Panama Canal limit of 32.2 metres.
|The left side of a vessel looking forward toward the bow.
|A tanker designed to carry refined petroleum products in bulk. Modern examples are often also able to carry a limited range of so-called “easy” chemicals. Not normally larger than 50 000 dwt.
|Junior members of a ship’s crew, subordinate to the Officers, qualified by training and experience, responsible in terms of STCW for deck, engine room and catering tasks on board ship.
|An insulated container designed to carry cargoes requiring refrigeration. It’s fitted with a refigeration unit which is connected to the carrying ship’s electrical power supply.
|Refrigerated vessel fitted with refrigerated holds, used to transport frozen meat, fish and other cargo products requiring refrigeration.
|Abbreviation for Roll on / Roll off. A vessel with ramps, which allows vehicles and wheeled cargo to be loaded and discharged without cranes.
|South African Maritime Safety Authority
|A person or firm who transacts all business in a port on behalf of ship-owners or charterers.
|An organised group of ship owners and / or charterers who have pooled their fleets to more efficiently cover the market, and where profits and losses are shared.
|The right side of a vessel looking forward toward the bow.
|Standards for Training and Certification of Watch keepers – the IMO uniform standard governing seafarers’ qualifications.
|The back (aftermost) part of a vessel.
|A tanker of the maximum size capable of transit of the Suez Canal (Approximately 150 000 – 200 000 dwt).
|A duly qualified person who examines ships to ascertain their condition, on behalf of owners, classification societies, underwriters, maritime authorities, etc.
|A tank for liquid cargo fitted into a TEU container frame.
|Collectively the maintenance, crewing, storing and insurance management functions of a ship or fleet.
|TEU (Twenty foot Equivalent Unit)
|The standard length of a container and the unit used to express the container carrying capacity of a ship.
|Where the charterer hires a ship, which is crewed, maintained and ready for operation for an agreed fee and for an agreed period.
|Ships which move from port to port in search of cargo. Tramps carry bulk cargoes such as coal, grain and fertiliser. Most bulk carriers operate as tramps.
|Ultra Large Crude Carrier with a deadweight above 300 000 dwt.
|Very Large Crude Carrier with a deadweight between 160 000 – 320 000 dwt.
|Ship chartered for a single voyage.